A Turkish Kilim rug means a plain woven rug, meaning no pile. All of our vintage kilim rugs are hand woven, available in all sizes and colors and are woven from Turkey. It is carefully selected and made of high quality wool and cotton. It can be used for floor and wall of rugs. It is a fleatweave rug preferred by everyone with its thin and light structure.
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Vintage Kilim Rugs
Vintage kilim rugs are hand-woven rugs made by nomadic tribes in Central Asia, Iran, Turkey, Anatolia, and the Caucasus. They are different from other carpets because they have their own style, pattern, and surface, which is not created by single stitches thrown over the warps. Instead, these rugs are hand-woven with weft balls that go back and forth between the warps, resulting in a unique and intricate design. In this article, we will explore the history of vintage kilim rugs, how they are made, the main differences between kilims and vintage rugs, and the main motifs used in a kilim rug.
What are Kilim Rugs?
Kilim rugs are thin, flat carpets with the same look on both sides. Most kilim rug patterns are geometric because of the specific weaving technique used in making them. Weavers self-interpret shapes and images that exist in nature to turn them into motifs for their craft, a process called "styling." The word Kilim means "flat weave" in English, but its origin is a mystery from the Persian Empire. Kilim rugs are perfectly matched with any furniture, and they are made from either wool or cotton, which vary in different prices.
How are Vintage Kilim Rugs Made?
Kilim weaving is one of the oldest traditional techniques of rug weaving known since ancient times. It is a pile-free weaving method based on two thread systems, without reverse and flat. Weavers generally make a collection of Kilim rugs on wooden looms called "Istar." These looms are placed vertically and twisted on the hoop formed by yarn wefts called "ars" and "argac." Incorporating these rugs takes more than a few days, so a special place needs to be allocated. This place needs to be well-lit for ventilation and to process the motifs meticulously. First, the loom sitting on a smooth surface is set up. After this, the skeleton of the flat weave is passed to the warp. Kilim also differs according to their single and double wing features, with widths varying between 50 and 120 cm. in size and length that varies between 1 and 2 m. Kilim weaving is also used in making sacks and pillows.
History Of Turkish Kilim Rugs
Turkish kilim rugs are a unique and beautiful form of art that has been around for thousands of years. These flat-woven rugs have a long history, and they are an essential part of Turkish culture. Kilim rugs are not only decorative but also functional, used for practical purposes such as floor covering, wall hangings, and prayer mats.
The origin of kilim rugs can be traced back to the nomadic tribes that roamed the vast lands of Central Asia. These tribes needed practical and durable rugs that could withstand the harsh climates and protect them from the elements. The earliest examples of kilim rugs date back to the 4th and 5th centuries BCE, and they were made using a simple weaving technique that involved interlocking warp and weft threads.
As the nomads migrated westwards, they brought their weaving skills and knowledge of natural dyes with them. The Turks, in particular, played a crucial role in the development of kilim rugs. The Seljuk Turks, who ruled much of Anatolia in the 11th and 12th centuries, were great patrons of the arts, and they encouraged the production of kilim rugs. They also introduced new weaving techniques and designs, such as the use of geometric patterns and symmetrical motifs.
During the Ottoman period (1299-1922), kilim rugs became even more popular, and their production spread throughout Anatolia. Each region developed its unique style and design, depending on the availability of materials, local customs, and cultural influences. For example, the kilims produced in Konya feature bold colors and intricate floral designs, while those from Antalya are known for their muted tones and stylized animal figures.
In the 20th century, kilim rugs gained popularity worldwide, thanks to their unique beauty and versatility. Today, they are highly prized by collectors and interior designers, and they are used to add warmth and character to homes and public spaces. The traditional methods of kilim rug production are still used today, and many families continue to pass down their weaving skills from generation to generation.
In conclusion, Turkish kilim rugs have a rich history that spans thousands of years. They are a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the nomadic tribes that first wove them, as well as the influence of the Seljuk Turks and the Ottoman Empire. Kilim rugs are an essential part of Turkish culture, and their unique beauty and practicality continue to captivate people worldwide.
How to Clean Kilim Rugs at Home?
Kilim rugs are a beautiful addition to any home. They are known for their intricate designs and vibrant colors, and they are often made from natural materials such as wool or cotton. However, like any other type of rug, kilim rugs require regular cleaning to maintain their beauty and durability. While it is always recommended to consult a professional rug cleaner for deep cleaning, there are several ways to clean kilim rugs at home.
The first step in cleaning a kilim rug is to remove any loose dirt or debris. You can do this by using a soft-bristled brush or a vacuum cleaner with a soft-brush attachment. Be sure to vacuum both sides of the rug, as dirt and dust can accumulate on the underside as well.
Once you have removed the loose dirt, you can spot clean any stains using a mixture of warm water and a mild detergent. Be sure to test the solution on a small, inconspicuous area of the rug first to ensure that it does not cause any discoloration or damage. Dip a clean cloth or sponge into the solution and gently blot the stain, being careful not to rub or scrub the fibers.
For deeper cleaning, you can use a steam cleaner or a carpet cleaner. Again, be sure to test the solution on a small area first and follow the manufacturer's instructions for use. Always use a mild detergent and avoid using bleach or harsh chemicals, as these can damage the fibers and colors of the rug.
After cleaning, be sure to allow the rug to dry completely before placing it back on the floor. Hang it over a railing or clothesline, or lay it flat on a clean, dry surface. Avoid exposing the rug to direct sunlight or heat, as this can cause fading and shrinkage.
In summary, cleaning kilim rugs at home can be a simple process with the right tools and techniques. However, it is important to take proper care to avoid damaging the fibers and colors of the rug. If you are unsure about how to clean your kilim rug, it is always best to consult a professional rug cleaner.